Items likely included in the final bill:
-Private insurance plans sponsored by the same federal agency that oversees government employee benefits.
-A tax on high-cost health insurance plans.
-Increased federal aid to help all states expand their Medicaid programs.
-New health insurance supermarkets, called exchanges, for small businesses and individuals purchasing their own coverage. The federal government sets the rules, but states share responsibility.
-Subsidies to help middle-class households purchase coverage through the exchanges.
-Taxes on upper-income earners; penalties for employers who don’t provide coverage.
-Consumer protections that prevent insurers from denying coverage to people with medical problems.
Items likely excluded from the final bill:
-A government-operated health insurance plan to compete with private carriers.
-Counting the value of dental and vision benefits in figuring the insurance tax,
-Letting states have sole control over insurance exchanges.
-Steep penalties for people who ignore a new federal requirement to carry health insurance.
-Stiff payroll taxes on companies that do not provide health insurance to their workers.
-Cuts in guaranteed benefits under traditional Medicare.
Of particular note is the exclusion of a government-operated plan, the so-called “public option” that President Obama and his administration lobbied for. But its exclusion is mitigated by the possible inclusion of private insurance plans sponsored by the federal government, as well as the establishment of health insurance “exchanges,” which would be regulated in part by the federal government. Regardless of which items make the final cut, get ready for the government to play an unprecedented role in our health coverage.